ZEV Related Policies
Under the EU CO2 standards, all new cars and vans must have zero CO2 emissions from 2035. The Mobility Guidance Law (2019) targets all new sales of passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles to be non-fossil fuel vehicle by 2040. A 2020 decree builds upon these targets by inserting an EV stock goal of 1,330,000 electric LDVs by 2023 and 5,300,000 by 2028.
Charging Infrastructure Policies
Under the Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR) Member States are required to ensure a minimum total power output is provided through publicly accessible recharging stations and that fast-charging pools are installed along major European traffic corridors. The ADVENIR program was first launched in 2016 to support the installation of charging stations for company fleets, apartment buildings, and public roads, covering up to 40% to 50% of installation costs. With a budget of €320 million, the program targets financing 175,000 new charging points by 2025.
From January 2023, France revised the ecological bonus that provides grants for the purchase or lease of a low-emission vehicle. For passenger cars up to €47,000 in value, the bonus is capped at €5,000 for individuals and €3,000 for legal entities. Up to 40% of the purchase price of new vans will be covered, limited to €6,000 for individuals and €4,000 for legal entities. The conversion premium can be added to the ecological bonus when buying or leasing a low-emission vehicle in exchange for scrapping an old diesel or petrol vehicle, covering individuals or legal entities earning up to €22,983 annually. In May 2023, France proposed a green industrial bill that includes new tax credits and bonuses for EVs produced in Europe.